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We might be scientists, but we DEFINITELY believe in Santa here at CBHQ. In fact, it’s science that helped us realise just how amazing he is. Need some convincing? We found some pretty compelling reasons…

Elon Musk’s got NOTHING on the big FC

We all know that Christmas Eve is a pretty hectic night for St Nick, and to make sure he can get to every house on the planet he has to travel at a whopping 10 million kilometres per hour to make sure we all get our pressies by morning. That’s an epic journey of 31 hours! (more hours because of the different world time zones). Even if Mr Musk COULD invent a self-driving sleigh that can match these speeds, there’s no way he can guarantee the vehicle could cope with the strain. Compared to the speed of light he’s still a bit of a slow coach though, his speed while impressive is a mere 10% of the speed of light.

He could give Ant Man a run for his money too.

Santa’s ability to fit down any chimney is down to relativity. Thanks to his incredible speed, Einstein’s theory of special relativity, suggests that Father Christmas’ mass shrinks in the direction he is travelling. At 10 million km/hr he will get as small as 10 centimetres, clearly small enough to easily slip down and back up the chimney.

He’s rigged for silent running

Moving fast makes Santa impossible to spot but it also makes him silent  – at least to our human ears. How? It’s thanks to the Doppler Effect, which kicks in, causing the sound waves he’s emitting to change shape, this is turn makes the pitch of his voice increase until it’s so high that basically only dogs (and of course reindeer) can hear it. This explains why the only thing you might hear is a bang on the roof and that’s not even the sleigh landing on the roof! In fact, that’s Santa and his reindeer crew swinging by so fast that they break the sound barrier and create a sonic boom.

He’ll never need anti-ageing cream

And not because it would ruin his twinkly-eyed, snow white bearded image. His speediness also means that he won’t age any further. The same goes for Rudolph, Dasher, Prancer et al.

He’s got an ever-expanding stomach!*

We’re all familiar with Santa’s big belly and sure, it’s mostly likely down to all the goodies we leave out for him on Christmas Eve but think about this:

🎅 There are about 1.6 billion households in the world
🎅 Around half of these households celebrate Christmas
🎅 Approximately 40% of those have children and about half of those follow the tradition of leaving out milk and a cookie or mince pie for Father Christmas and the reindeer.

Assuming he plays fair and takes an equal sip of about 20 ml from each glass of milk, he’ll still end up drinking 3,969,726 litres of milk on Christmas Eve. That’s almost 50,000 times more than the average UK adult drinks in a YEAR!

Taking all that into account we’re declaring Santa our festive science hero. In fact we might just leave him one of our lab coats alongside his mince pies this year, so he can join our Community of Curiosity Champions!

*OK we might have stretched this one, but the numbers are accurate!

We’ve had a lot of questions from cadets about Climate Change recently, and more and more young people are concerned about what’s happening to our planet and the life on it. So we thought we’d cover off one or two of our most common queries, and offer up some ideas on how you can help!

Are climate change and global warming the same thing?

They’re not, but they are connected which is why it can get a little confusing. Global warming is how we describe the gradual increase in the temperature of the Earth.  Climate Change is the name for the large-scale, long-term change in the planet’s weather patterns.

How has climate change become such a big problem so quickly?
In its 4.5 billion lifetime, our planet’s overall climate has shifted from tropical to ice age and back again many times. The problem scientists have discovered is that the current rate of global warming is much faster than ever before. The biggest reason for this is the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) that’s being released into the atmosphere. CO2 traps the heat, which means the planet can’t cool itself as well as it used to. The weather patterns are now changing more quickly than ever in Earth’s history, and the effects could be devastating. For plants, animals and us. Want to know more? Check out the Met Office Climate Change guide for more info.

What effects are you talking about? Things look OK to me.
We know what you mean! The sun’s out, skies are blue (until recently) and pretty flowers are everywhere. What’s worrying, is that it’s February! Animals wake up far too soon, while the days are still short which means there may not be enough plant growth to provide sufficient food. The increase in temperature has also caused trees to become dehydrated which can lead to forest fires, which in turn leads to birds and insects losing their homes. And that’s just the tip of the (rapidly melting) iceberg! Take a look at NASA’s Climate Change time machine to see how things were and what might happen in the future.

Yikes! This is scary stuff! Can we do anything?
It is scary. But the great thing is that more and more people are becoming aware of what a big problem it is and how it affects us all. And yes there are things we can do to slow the effect down while we find ways to deal with Climate Change as a whole…

🌱Get digging! Plants are nature’s CO2 scrubbing brushes, so the more we can plant, the more scrubbing power we’ll have. You don’t need a garden either. Window boxes and hanging baskets can all make a difference.

🚲 Get on your bike! The less we use our cars the less CO2 gets pumped into the atmosphere. You can’t always avoid jumping in the car, but if you can hop on your bike or walk those smaller journeys, the planet will thank you.

🎮 Play Fortnite! Seriously. Continuing education is really important, so a group of scientists know as the Climate Gamers have taken to Fortnite to help spread the word. Take a look at their YouTube channel!

Have you got any ideas? Share them with us, so we can spread the word!

Style 2

We might be scientists, but we DEFINITELY believe in Santa here at CBHQ. In fact, it’s science that helped us realise just how amazing he is. Need some convincing? We found some pretty compelling reasons…

Elon Musk’s got NOTHING on the big FC

We all know that Christmas Eve is a pretty hectic night for St Nick, and to make sure he can get to every house on the planet he has to travel at a whopping 10 million kilometres per hour to make sure we all get our pressies by morning. That’s an epic journey of 31 hours! (more hours because of the different world time zones). Even if Mr Musk COULD invent a self-driving sleigh that can match these speeds, there’s no way he can guarantee the vehicle could cope with the strain. Compared to the speed of light he’s still a bit of a slow coach though, his speed while impressive is a mere 10% of the speed of light.

He could give Ant Man a run for his money too.

Santa’s ability to fit down any chimney is down to relativity. Thanks to his incredible speed, Einstein’s theory of special relativity, suggests that Father Christmas’ mass shrinks in the direction he is travelling. At 10 million km/hr he will get as small as 10 centimetres, clearly small enough to easily slip down and back up the chimney.

He’s rigged for silent running

Moving fast makes Santa impossible to spot but it also makes him silent  – at least to our human ears. How? It’s thanks to the Doppler Effect, which kicks in, causing the sound waves he’s emitting to change shape, this is turn makes the pitch of his voice increase until it’s so high that basically only dogs (and of course reindeer) can hear it. This explains why the only thing you might hear is a bang on the roof and that’s not even the sleigh landing on the roof! In fact, that’s Santa and his reindeer crew swinging by so fast that they break the sound barrier and create a sonic boom.

He’ll never need anti-ageing cream

And not because it would ruin his twinkly-eyed, snow white bearded image. His speediness also means that he won’t age any further. The same goes for Rudolph, Dasher, Prancer et al.

He’s got an ever-expanding stomach!*

We’re all familiar with Santa’s big belly and sure, it’s mostly likely down to all the goodies we leave out for him on Christmas Eve but think about this:

🎅 There are about 1.6 billion households in the world
🎅 Around half of these households celebrate Christmas
🎅 Approximately 40% of those have children and about half of those follow the tradition of leaving out milk and a cookie or mince pie for Father Christmas and the reindeer.

Assuming he plays fair and takes an equal sip of about 20 ml from each glass of milk, he’ll still end up drinking 3,969,726 litres of milk on Christmas Eve. That’s almost 50,000 times more than the average UK adult drinks in a YEAR!

Taking all that into account we’re declaring Santa our festive science hero. In fact we might just leave him one of our lab coats alongside his mince pies this year, so he can join our Community of Curiosity Champions!

*OK we might have stretched this one, but the numbers are accurate!

We’ve had a lot of questions from cadets about Climate Change recently, and more and more young people are concerned about what’s happening to our planet and the life on it. So we thought we’d cover off one or two of our most common queries, and offer up some ideas on how you can help!

Are climate change and global warming the same thing?

They’re not, but they are connected which is why it can get a little confusing. Global warming is how we describe the gradual increase in the temperature of the Earth.  Climate Change is the name for the large-scale, long-term change in the planet’s weather patterns.

How has climate change become such a big problem so quickly?
In its 4.5 billion lifetime, our planet’s overall climate has shifted from tropical to ice age and back again many times. The problem scientists have discovered is that the current rate of global warming is much faster than ever before. The biggest reason for this is the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) that’s being released into the atmosphere. CO2 traps the heat, which means the planet can’t cool itself as well as it used to. The weather patterns are now changing more quickly than ever in Earth’s history, and the effects could be devastating. For plants, animals and us. Want to know more? Check out the Met Office Climate Change guide for more info.

What effects are you talking about? Things look OK to me.
We know what you mean! The sun’s out, skies are blue (until recently) and pretty flowers are everywhere. What’s worrying, is that it’s February! Animals wake up far too soon, while the days are still short which means there may not be enough plant growth to provide sufficient food. The increase in temperature has also caused trees to become dehydrated which can lead to forest fires, which in turn leads to birds and insects losing their homes. And that’s just the tip of the (rapidly melting) iceberg! Take a look at NASA’s Climate Change time machine to see how things were and what might happen in the future.

Yikes! This is scary stuff! Can we do anything?
It is scary. But the great thing is that more and more people are becoming aware of what a big problem it is and how it affects us all. And yes there are things we can do to slow the effect down while we find ways to deal with Climate Change as a whole…

🌱Get digging! Plants are nature’s CO2 scrubbing brushes, so the more we can plant, the more scrubbing power we’ll have. You don’t need a garden either. Window boxes and hanging baskets can all make a difference.

🚲 Get on your bike! The less we use our cars the less CO2 gets pumped into the atmosphere. You can’t always avoid jumping in the car, but if you can hop on your bike or walk those smaller journeys, the planet will thank you.

🎮 Play Fortnite! Seriously. Continuing education is really important, so a group of scientists know as the Climate Gamers have taken to Fortnite to help spread the word. Take a look at their YouTube channel!

Have you got any ideas? Share them with us, so we can spread the word!

Style 3

We might be scientists, but we DEFINITELY believe in Santa here at CBHQ. In fact, it’s science that helped us realise just how amazing he is. Need some convincing? We found some pretty compelling reasons…

Elon Musk’s got NOTHING on the big FC

We all know that Christmas Eve is a pretty hectic night for St Nick, and to make sure he can get to every house on the planet he has to travel at a whopping 10 million kilometres per hour to make sure we all get our pressies by morning. That’s an epic journey of 31 hours! (more hours because of the different world time zones). Even if Mr Musk COULD invent a self-driving sleigh that can match these speeds, there’s no way he can guarantee the vehicle could cope with the strain. Compared to the speed of light he’s still a bit of a slow coach though, his speed while impressive is a mere 10% of the speed of light.

He could give Ant Man a run for his money too.

Santa’s ability to fit down any chimney is down to relativity. Thanks to his incredible speed, Einstein’s theory of special relativity, suggests that Father Christmas’ mass shrinks in the direction he is travelling. At 10 million km/hr he will get as small as 10 centimetres, clearly small enough to easily slip down and back up the chimney.

He’s rigged for silent running

Moving fast makes Santa impossible to spot but it also makes him silent  – at least to our human ears. How? It’s thanks to the Doppler Effect, which kicks in, causing the sound waves he’s emitting to change shape, this is turn makes the pitch of his voice increase until it’s so high that basically only dogs (and of course reindeer) can hear it. This explains why the only thing you might hear is a bang on the roof and that’s not even the sleigh landing on the roof! In fact, that’s Santa and his reindeer crew swinging by so fast that they break the sound barrier and create a sonic boom.

He’ll never need anti-ageing cream

And not because it would ruin his twinkly-eyed, snow white bearded image. His speediness also means that he won’t age any further. The same goes for Rudolph, Dasher, Prancer et al.

He’s got an ever-expanding stomach!*

We’re all familiar with Santa’s big belly and sure, it’s mostly likely down to all the goodies we leave out for him on Christmas Eve but think about this:

🎅 There are about 1.6 billion households in the world
🎅 Around half of these households celebrate Christmas
🎅 Approximately 40% of those have children and about half of those follow the tradition of leaving out milk and a cookie or mince pie for Father Christmas and the reindeer.

Assuming he plays fair and takes an equal sip of about 20 ml from each glass of milk, he’ll still end up drinking 3,969,726 litres of milk on Christmas Eve. That’s almost 50,000 times more than the average UK adult drinks in a YEAR!

Taking all that into account we’re declaring Santa our festive science hero. In fact we might just leave him one of our lab coats alongside his mince pies this year, so he can join our Community of Curiosity Champions!

*OK we might have stretched this one, but the numbers are accurate!

We’ve had a lot of questions from cadets about Climate Change recently, and more and more young people are concerned about what’s happening to our planet and the life on it. So we thought we’d cover off one or two of our most common queries, and offer up some ideas on how you can help!

Are climate change and global warming the same thing?

They’re not, but they are connected which is why it can get a little confusing. Global warming is how we describe the gradual increase in the temperature of the Earth.  Climate Change is the name for the large-scale, long-term change in the planet’s weather patterns.

How has climate change become such a big problem so quickly?
In its 4.5 billion lifetime, our planet’s overall climate has shifted from tropical to ice age and back again many times. The problem scientists have discovered is that the current rate of global warming is much faster than ever before. The biggest reason for this is the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) that’s being released into the atmosphere. CO2 traps the heat, which means the planet can’t cool itself as well as it used to. The weather patterns are now changing more quickly than ever in Earth’s history, and the effects could be devastating. For plants, animals and us. Want to know more? Check out the Met Office Climate Change guide for more info.

What effects are you talking about? Things look OK to me.
We know what you mean! The sun’s out, skies are blue (until recently) and pretty flowers are everywhere. What’s worrying, is that it’s February! Animals wake up far too soon, while the days are still short which means there may not be enough plant growth to provide sufficient food. The increase in temperature has also caused trees to become dehydrated which can lead to forest fires, which in turn leads to birds and insects losing their homes. And that’s just the tip of the (rapidly melting) iceberg! Take a look at NASA’s Climate Change time machine to see how things were and what might happen in the future.

Yikes! This is scary stuff! Can we do anything?
It is scary. But the great thing is that more and more people are becoming aware of what a big problem it is and how it affects us all. And yes there are things we can do to slow the effect down while we find ways to deal with Climate Change as a whole…

🌱Get digging! Plants are nature’s CO2 scrubbing brushes, so the more we can plant, the more scrubbing power we’ll have. You don’t need a garden either. Window boxes and hanging baskets can all make a difference.

🚲 Get on your bike! The less we use our cars the less CO2 gets pumped into the atmosphere. You can’t always avoid jumping in the car, but if you can hop on your bike or walk those smaller journeys, the planet will thank you.

🎮 Play Fortnite! Seriously. Continuing education is really important, so a group of scientists know as the Climate Gamers have taken to Fortnite to help spread the word. Take a look at their YouTube channel!

Have you got any ideas? Share them with us, so we can spread the word!

Style 4

We might be scientists, but we DEFINITELY believe in Santa here at CBHQ. In fact, it’s science that helped us realise just how amazing he is. Need some convincing? We found some pretty compelling reasons…

Elon Musk’s got NOTHING on the big FC

We all know that Christmas Eve is a pretty hectic night for St Nick, and to make sure he can get to every house on the planet he has to travel at a whopping 10 million kilometres per hour to make sure we all get our pressies by morning. That’s an epic journey of 31 hours! (more hours because of the different world time zones). Even if Mr Musk COULD invent a self-driving sleigh that can match these speeds, there’s no way he can guarantee the vehicle could cope with the strain. Compared to the speed of light he’s still a bit of a slow coach though, his speed while impressive is a mere 10% of the speed of light.

He could give Ant Man a run for his money too.

Santa’s ability to fit down any chimney is down to relativity. Thanks to his incredible speed, Einstein’s theory of special relativity, suggests that Father Christmas’ mass shrinks in the direction he is travelling. At 10 million km/hr he will get as small as 10 centimetres, clearly small enough to easily slip down and back up the chimney.

He’s rigged for silent running

Moving fast makes Santa impossible to spot but it also makes him silent  – at least to our human ears. How? It’s thanks to the Doppler Effect, which kicks in, causing the sound waves he’s emitting to change shape, this is turn makes the pitch of his voice increase until it’s so high that basically only dogs (and of course reindeer) can hear it. This explains why the only thing you might hear is a bang on the roof and that’s not even the sleigh landing on the roof! In fact, that’s Santa and his reindeer crew swinging by so fast that they break the sound barrier and create a sonic boom.

He’ll never need anti-ageing cream

And not because it would ruin his twinkly-eyed, snow white bearded image. His speediness also means that he won’t age any further. The same goes for Rudolph, Dasher, Prancer et al.

He’s got an ever-expanding stomach!*

We’re all familiar with Santa’s big belly and sure, it’s mostly likely down to all the goodies we leave out for him on Christmas Eve but think about this:

🎅 There are about 1.6 billion households in the world
🎅 Around half of these households celebrate Christmas
🎅 Approximately 40% of those have children and about half of those follow the tradition of leaving out milk and a cookie or mince pie for Father Christmas and the reindeer.

Assuming he plays fair and takes an equal sip of about 20 ml from each glass of milk, he’ll still end up drinking 3,969,726 litres of milk on Christmas Eve. That’s almost 50,000 times more than the average UK adult drinks in a YEAR!

Taking all that into account we’re declaring Santa our festive science hero. In fact we might just leave him one of our lab coats alongside his mince pies this year, so he can join our Community of Curiosity Champions!

*OK we might have stretched this one, but the numbers are accurate!

We’ve had a lot of questions from cadets about Climate Change recently, and more and more young people are concerned about what’s happening to our planet and the life on it. So we thought we’d cover off one or two of our most common queries, and offer up some ideas on how you can help!

Are climate change and global warming the same thing?

They’re not, but they are connected which is why it can get a little confusing. Global warming is how we describe the gradual increase in the temperature of the Earth.  Climate Change is the name for the large-scale, long-term change in the planet’s weather patterns.

How has climate change become such a big problem so quickly?
In its 4.5 billion lifetime, our planet’s overall climate has shifted from tropical to ice age and back again many times. The problem scientists have discovered is that the current rate of global warming is much faster than ever before. The biggest reason for this is the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) that’s being released into the atmosphere. CO2 traps the heat, which means the planet can’t cool itself as well as it used to. The weather patterns are now changing more quickly than ever in Earth’s history, and the effects could be devastating. For plants, animals and us. Want to know more? Check out the Met Office Climate Change guide for more info.

What effects are you talking about? Things look OK to me.
We know what you mean! The sun’s out, skies are blue (until recently) and pretty flowers are everywhere. What’s worrying, is that it’s February! Animals wake up far too soon, while the days are still short which means there may not be enough plant growth to provide sufficient food. The increase in temperature has also caused trees to become dehydrated which can lead to forest fires, which in turn leads to birds and insects losing their homes. And that’s just the tip of the (rapidly melting) iceberg! Take a look at NASA’s Climate Change time machine to see how things were and what might happen in the future.

Yikes! This is scary stuff! Can we do anything?
It is scary. But the great thing is that more and more people are becoming aware of what a big problem it is and how it affects us all. And yes there are things we can do to slow the effect down while we find ways to deal with Climate Change as a whole…

🌱Get digging! Plants are nature’s CO2 scrubbing brushes, so the more we can plant, the more scrubbing power we’ll have. You don’t need a garden either. Window boxes and hanging baskets can all make a difference.

🚲 Get on your bike! The less we use our cars the less CO2 gets pumped into the atmosphere. You can’t always avoid jumping in the car, but if you can hop on your bike or walk those smaller journeys, the planet will thank you.

🎮 Play Fortnite! Seriously. Continuing education is really important, so a group of scientists know as the Climate Gamers have taken to Fortnite to help spread the word. Take a look at their YouTube channel!

Have you got any ideas? Share them with us, so we can spread the word!

Style 5

We might be scientists, but we DEFINITELY believe in Santa here at CBHQ. In fact, it’s science that helped us realise just how amazing he is. Need some convincing? We found some pretty compelling reasons…

Elon Musk’s got NOTHING on the big FC

We all know that Christmas Eve is a pretty hectic night for St Nick, and to make sure he can get to every house on the planet he has to travel at a whopping 10 million kilometres per hour to make sure we all get our pressies by morning. That’s an epic journey of 31 hours! (more hours because of the different world time zones). Even if Mr Musk COULD invent a self-driving sleigh that can match these speeds, there’s no way he can guarantee the vehicle could cope with the strain. Compared to the speed of light he’s still a bit of a slow coach though, his speed while impressive is a mere 10% of the speed of light.

He could give Ant Man a run for his money too.

Santa’s ability to fit down any chimney is down to relativity. Thanks to his incredible speed, Einstein’s theory of special relativity, suggests that Father Christmas’ mass shrinks in the direction he is travelling. At 10 million km/hr he will get as small as 10 centimetres, clearly small enough to easily slip down and back up the chimney.

He’s rigged for silent running

Moving fast makes Santa impossible to spot but it also makes him silent  – at least to our human ears. How? It’s thanks to the Doppler Effect, which kicks in, causing the sound waves he’s emitting to change shape, this is turn makes the pitch of his voice increase until it’s so high that basically only dogs (and of course reindeer) can hear it. This explains why the only thing you might hear is a bang on the roof and that’s not even the sleigh landing on the roof! In fact, that’s Santa and his reindeer crew swinging by so fast that they break the sound barrier and create a sonic boom.

He’ll never need anti-ageing cream

And not because it would ruin his twinkly-eyed, snow white bearded image. His speediness also means that he won’t age any further. The same goes for Rudolph, Dasher, Prancer et al.

He’s got an ever-expanding stomach!*

We’re all familiar with Santa’s big belly and sure, it’s mostly likely down to all the goodies we leave out for him on Christmas Eve but think about this:

🎅 There are about 1.6 billion households in the world
🎅 Around half of these households celebrate Christmas
🎅 Approximately 40% of those have children and about half of those follow the tradition of leaving out milk and a cookie or mince pie for Father Christmas and the reindeer.

Assuming he plays fair and takes an equal sip of about 20 ml from each glass of milk, he’ll still end up drinking 3,969,726 litres of milk on Christmas Eve. That’s almost 50,000 times more than the average UK adult drinks in a YEAR!

Taking all that into account we’re declaring Santa our festive science hero. In fact we might just leave him one of our lab coats alongside his mince pies this year, so he can join our Community of Curiosity Champions!

*OK we might have stretched this one, but the numbers are accurate!

We’ve had a lot of questions from cadets about Climate Change recently, and more and more young people are concerned about what’s happening to our planet and the life on it. So we thought we’d cover off one or two of our most common queries, and offer up some ideas on how you can help!

Are climate change and global warming the same thing?

They’re not, but they are connected which is why it can get a little confusing. Global warming is how we describe the gradual increase in the temperature of the Earth.  Climate Change is the name for the large-scale, long-term change in the planet’s weather patterns.

How has climate change become such a big problem so quickly?
In its 4.5 billion lifetime, our planet’s overall climate has shifted from tropical to ice age and back again many times. The problem scientists have discovered is that the current rate of global warming is much faster than ever before. The biggest reason for this is the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) that’s being released into the atmosphere. CO2 traps the heat, which means the planet can’t cool itself as well as it used to. The weather patterns are now changing more quickly than ever in Earth’s history, and the effects could be devastating. For plants, animals and us. Want to know more? Check out the Met Office Climate Change guide for more info.

What effects are you talking about? Things look OK to me.
We know what you mean! The sun’s out, skies are blue (until recently) and pretty flowers are everywhere. What’s worrying, is that it’s February! Animals wake up far too soon, while the days are still short which means there may not be enough plant growth to provide sufficient food. The increase in temperature has also caused trees to become dehydrated which can lead to forest fires, which in turn leads to birds and insects losing their homes. And that’s just the tip of the (rapidly melting) iceberg! Take a look at NASA’s Climate Change time machine to see how things were and what might happen in the future.

Yikes! This is scary stuff! Can we do anything?
It is scary. But the great thing is that more and more people are becoming aware of what a big problem it is and how it affects us all. And yes there are things we can do to slow the effect down while we find ways to deal with Climate Change as a whole…

🌱Get digging! Plants are nature’s CO2 scrubbing brushes, so the more we can plant, the more scrubbing power we’ll have. You don’t need a garden either. Window boxes and hanging baskets can all make a difference.

🚲 Get on your bike! The less we use our cars the less CO2 gets pumped into the atmosphere. You can’t always avoid jumping in the car, but if you can hop on your bike or walk those smaller journeys, the planet will thank you.

🎮 Play Fortnite! Seriously. Continuing education is really important, so a group of scientists know as the Climate Gamers have taken to Fortnite to help spread the word. Take a look at their YouTube channel!

Have you got any ideas? Share them with us, so we can spread the word!

Style 6

We might be scientists, but we DEFINITELY believe in Santa here at CBHQ. In fact, it’s science that helped us realise just how amazing he is. Need some convincing? We found some pretty compelling reasons…

Elon Musk’s got NOTHING on the big FC

We all know that Christmas Eve is a pretty hectic night for St Nick, and to make sure he can get to every house on the planet he has to travel at a whopping 10 million kilometres per hour to make sure we all get our pressies by morning. That’s an epic journey of 31 hours! (more hours because of the different world time zones). Even if Mr Musk COULD invent a self-driving sleigh that can match these speeds, there’s no way he can guarantee the vehicle could cope with the strain. Compared to the speed of light he’s still a bit of a slow coach though, his speed while impressive is a mere 10% of the speed of light.

He could give Ant Man a run for his money too.

Santa’s ability to fit down any chimney is down to relativity. Thanks to his incredible speed, Einstein’s theory of special relativity, suggests that Father Christmas’ mass shrinks in the direction he is travelling. At 10 million km/hr he will get as small as 10 centimetres, clearly small enough to easily slip down and back up the chimney.

He’s rigged for silent running

Moving fast makes Santa impossible to spot but it also makes him silent  – at least to our human ears. How? It’s thanks to the Doppler Effect, which kicks in, causing the sound waves he’s emitting to change shape, this is turn makes the pitch of his voice increase until it’s so high that basically only dogs (and of course reindeer) can hear it. This explains why the only thing you might hear is a bang on the roof and that’s not even the sleigh landing on the roof! In fact, that’s Santa and his reindeer crew swinging by so fast that they break the sound barrier and create a sonic boom.

He’ll never need anti-ageing cream

And not because it would ruin his twinkly-eyed, snow white bearded image. His speediness also means that he won’t age any further. The same goes for Rudolph, Dasher, Prancer et al.

He’s got an ever-expanding stomach!*

We’re all familiar with Santa’s big belly and sure, it’s mostly likely down to all the goodies we leave out for him on Christmas Eve but think about this:

🎅 There are about 1.6 billion households in the world
🎅 Around half of these households celebrate Christmas
🎅 Approximately 40% of those have children and about half of those follow the tradition of leaving out milk and a cookie or mince pie for Father Christmas and the reindeer.

Assuming he plays fair and takes an equal sip of about 20 ml from each glass of milk, he’ll still end up drinking 3,969,726 litres of milk on Christmas Eve. That’s almost 50,000 times more than the average UK adult drinks in a YEAR!

Taking all that into account we’re declaring Santa our festive science hero. In fact we might just leave him one of our lab coats alongside his mince pies this year, so he can join our Community of Curiosity Champions!

*OK we might have stretched this one, but the numbers are accurate!

We’ve had a lot of questions from cadets about Climate Change recently, and more and more young people are concerned about what’s happening to our planet and the life on it. So we thought we’d cover off one or two of our most common queries, and offer up some ideas on how you can help!

Are climate change and global warming the same thing?

They’re not, but they are connected which is why it can get a little confusing. Global warming is how we describe the gradual increase in the temperature of the Earth.  Climate Change is the name for the large-scale, long-term change in the planet’s weather patterns.

How has climate change become such a big problem so quickly?
In its 4.5 billion lifetime, our planet’s overall climate has shifted from tropical to ice age and back again many times. The problem scientists have discovered is that the current rate of global warming is much faster than ever before. The biggest reason for this is the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) that’s being released into the atmosphere. CO2 traps the heat, which means the planet can’t cool itself as well as it used to. The weather patterns are now changing more quickly than ever in Earth’s history, and the effects could be devastating. For plants, animals and us. Want to know more? Check out the Met Office Climate Change guide for more info.

What effects are you talking about? Things look OK to me.
We know what you mean! The sun’s out, skies are blue (until recently) and pretty flowers are everywhere. What’s worrying, is that it’s February! Animals wake up far too soon, while the days are still short which means there may not be enough plant growth to provide sufficient food. The increase in temperature has also caused trees to become dehydrated which can lead to forest fires, which in turn leads to birds and insects losing their homes. And that’s just the tip of the (rapidly melting) iceberg! Take a look at NASA’s Climate Change time machine to see how things were and what might happen in the future.

Yikes! This is scary stuff! Can we do anything?
It is scary. But the great thing is that more and more people are becoming aware of what a big problem it is and how it affects us all. And yes there are things we can do to slow the effect down while we find ways to deal with Climate Change as a whole…

🌱Get digging! Plants are nature’s CO2 scrubbing brushes, so the more we can plant, the more scrubbing power we’ll have. You don’t need a garden either. Window boxes and hanging baskets can all make a difference.

🚲 Get on your bike! The less we use our cars the less CO2 gets pumped into the atmosphere. You can’t always avoid jumping in the car, but if you can hop on your bike or walk those smaller journeys, the planet will thank you.

🎮 Play Fortnite! Seriously. Continuing education is really important, so a group of scientists know as the Climate Gamers have taken to Fortnite to help spread the word. Take a look at their YouTube channel!

Have you got any ideas? Share them with us, so we can spread the word!

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